Friday, July 10, 2020

Today is World Polio Day – Nigeria still Africa’s only ‘victim’

Must read

Ghana: Airport workers protest ‘privatization’ of company

Workers of the Ghana Airport Company are up in arms against the government over plans to hand over management of the company to Turkish...

Nigeria suspends reopening of schools as COVID-19 cases soar

The Nigerian government has suspended plans to reopen the country’s schools in the wake of the coronavirus pandemic. Last week, the Nigerian government announced that...

Ivory Coast Prime Minister dies after falling ill at cabinet meeting

Ivory Coast Prime Minister Amadou Gon Coulibaly has died on Wednesday aged 61. President Alassane Ouattara announced on state TV that Coulibaly was unwell during...

Ghana’s Chief Justice goes into self-isolation over Covid-19

Ghana's chief justice, Kwasi Anin-Yeboah has gone into self-isolation in compliance with Covid-19 protocols. According to a circular to high court judges, the chief justice...
Isaac Kaledzihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isaac_Kaledzi
Isaac Kaledzi is an experienced and award winning journalist from Ghana. He has worked for several media brands both in Ghana and on the International scene. Isaac Kaledzi is currently serving as an African Correspondent for DW.
- Advertisement -

Every October 24 is marked as ‘World Polio Day’ by the World Health Organization (WHO) and its allied agencies in the fight against the disease.

Africa’s most populous nation, Nigeria, still remains the only African country that still has record of the polio virus reported within its territory. The other two countries with the virus are Pakistan and Afghanistan.

The WHO has affirmed that despite a 99.9% reduction of polio spread between 1988 and 2016, they were committed to ensuring that polio is totally wiped off the planet. According to the UN, 27 children have been paralysed for life by polio in 2016.

Nigeria in August this year reported two fresh cases of polio in the country’s northeast. The new cases came a week after they celebrated two years without the childhood killer disease.

A statement from the Federal Ministry of Health, confirmed the outbreak of the wild polio virus (WPV) in two children from the Gwoza and Jere Local Government Areas (LGA) of Borno state in the northeast.

- Advertisement -

According to the press release, the discovery and confirmation of the latest outbreak was as a result of heightened surveillance due to improved accessibility made possible by the Army’s liberation of communities in the Boko Haram ravaged part of the country.

Poliomyelitis is an infectious disease that affects mainly children and causes paralysis of the limbs. Nigeria reported more than half the world’s cases in 2012 creating a lot of panic which prompted swift response.

Polio is preventable by administering the polio vaccine over a period of time. The disease is spread from person to person through ingesting fecal matter or food and water containing the fecal matter.

In up to 70% of polio infections, there are no symptoms but gradual development of muscle weakness leading to paralysis.

- Advertisement -

Nigeria after the latest reported cases initiated an immunization drive for one million children. Before Nigeria’s case, the last African case of wild polio diagnosis was in the Puntland region of Somalia, on 11 August 2014.

But the continent must still stay a full year without new cases to be declared polio-free. The virus has no cure and mainly affects children under five.

In the absence of un-vaccinated hosts, the virus dies out – And that’s what experts hope will happen to the virus. Globally, only two diseases have ever been eradicated: Smallpox and rinderpest. Campaigners hope polio will be the third.

Source: Africanews

- Advertisement -

More articles

- Advertisement -

Latest article

Ghana: Airport workers protest ‘privatization’ of company

Workers of the Ghana Airport Company are up in arms against the government over plans to hand over management of the company to Turkish...

Nigeria suspends reopening of schools as COVID-19 cases soar

The Nigerian government has suspended plans to reopen the country’s schools in the wake of the coronavirus pandemic. Last week, the Nigerian government announced that...

Ivory Coast Prime Minister dies after falling ill at cabinet meeting

Ivory Coast Prime Minister Amadou Gon Coulibaly has died on Wednesday aged 61. President Alassane Ouattara announced on state TV that Coulibaly was unwell during...

Ghana’s Chief Justice goes into self-isolation over Covid-19

Ghana's chief justice, Kwasi Anin-Yeboah has gone into self-isolation in compliance with Covid-19 protocols. According to a circular to high court judges, the chief justice...

Kenyan sports minister Mohamed to bid for top WTO job

Kenya’s sports and culture minister Amina Mohamed will run to be the next Director-General of the World Trade Organization (WTO), a spokesperson said on...